Dead Presidents

Historical facts, thoughts, ramblings and collections on the Presidency and about the Presidents of the United States.

By Anthony Bergen
E-Mail: bergen.anthony@gmail.com
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Posts tagged "Elections"
Asker Anonymous Asks:
Florida is the 3rd most populated state, but no major party has nominated someone from there. Why is that so?
deadpresidents deadpresidents Said:

1. Because of the Civil War, Americans didn’t elect a President who represented a Southern state from the time of Zachary Taylor’s election (1848) until Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 victory. Major parties nominate candidates they expect to win (with the possible exceptions of Alton B. Parker in 1904 or John W. Davis in 1924, both of whom were nominated by the Democrats because there was seemingly nobody else in the United States belonging to the party at the moment), so major parties largely stayed away from Southern candidates for a century.

2. Florida is third in population now, but there weren’t more than 2 millions people living in Florida until after World War II. Oh, and a sizeable chunk of those people who did live there before then had problems voting because of that whole Southern thing, again.

3. There really hasn’t been a cavalcade of superstar Floridian politicians. (Possibly due to the fact that Florida has proven itself to be pretty terrible when it comes to holding elections and/or counting votes. See: Election, 2000 U.S. Presidential.)

4. If Jeb Bush decides to run in 2016, Florida will probably finally get themselves a major party Presidential nominee.

On November 8, 1960, millions of Americans went to the polls in what would become one of the closest Presidential elections in American History:  John Fitzgerald Kennedy versus Richard Milhous Nixon.

That morning, Kennedy voted in Boston and Nixon voted in Whittier, California.  The candidates had spent months canvassing the nation, working to get every last vote — and every last vote was needed.  For the past several weeks, Kennedy and Nixon had criss-crossed the country, debated one another, and been working non-stop to be elected the 35th President of the United States.

After they voted that day, there were results to monitor, precincts to watch, election day problems to take care of, and many other things to worry about.  Imagine being on the cusp of the Presidency — with a 50/50 chance of being elected the next President of a superpower in the grip of the Cold War, with the threat of Communism and nuclear weapons hanging over your head, and the hopes of hundreds of millions of people pinned on either your victory or defeat.  Imagine being in the position of John F. Kennedy or Richard Nixon on November 8, 1960.  What would you do? 

John F. Kennedy put the control of his campaign in the hands of his younger brother, Bobby, and then took a nap.

And Richard Nixon took a road trip to Mexico.

Once Nixon voted that morning at a private home in a quiet Whittier neighborhood, he had been scheduled to head to the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles (where Bobby Kennedy would be assassinated eight years later) for the Election Day vigil and the long wait for the returns which would indicate whether he would be moving into the White House or facing an early retirement. 

Nixon was finished voting by 8:00 AM and hopped into his black Cadillac limousine to be driven to the Ambassador.  Several blocks away from the polling place, Nixon ordered the limousine to stop.  Along with a military aide and a Secret Service agent, Nixon jumped out of the limo and into a white convertible follow-up car driven by an officer from the Los Angeles Police Department.  Nixon took the LAPD officer’s place, got behind the wheel and ditched the press which had been following him.

Driving to La Habra, California, Nixon made a quick visit with his mother, making sure she had voted for her son in the Presidential election.  Nixon drove south along the Pacific Coast Highway, with no specific destination.  He stopped for gasoline in Oceanside and told a gas station attendant — startled to see the Vice President of the United States on a joyride on the very day that he stood for election as President — “I’m just out for a little ride.”  Nixon confided that it was his only source of relaxation.

As the group of four men, with Nixon in the driver’s seat, reached San Diego — over two hours away from Nixon’s campaign headquarters at L.A.’s Ambassador Hotel — Nixon pointed out that he hadn’t been to Tijuana in at least 25 years.

As David Pietrusza wrote in his recap of Nixon’s road trip, “Richard Nixon — the ultimate control freak — was winging it on the most important day of his life.”  Not only that, but the sitting Vice President of the United States and the man who many Americans were choosing to become the next President, impulsively decided to leave the entire country while those voters were still at the polls.

In Tijuana, Nixon and his party headed to a restaurant called Old Heidelberg.  Despite the fact it was owned by a German, Border Patrol agents told Nixon that it was the best place in Tijuana for Mexican food.  Joined at the last moment by Tijuana’s Mayor, Xicotencati Leyva Aleman, Nixon, his military aide, a Secret Service agent, and an average LAPD officer ate enchiladas in Mexico while John F. Kennedy took a nap in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts.

When Nixon’s press secretary Herb Klein was asked about the missing candidate, he had to tell reporters that Nixon often took some private moments on hectic days such as Election Day.  Really, though, Klein had no clue where Nixon was, eventually admitting that the Vice President was “driving around without any destination”. 

After lunch in Tijuana, Nixon and his companions headed back north towards the United States border crossing.  The LAPD officer took over driving duties as Nixon sat in the convertible’s passenger seat.  A shocked Border Patrol guard shook hands with the Vice President and asked the man who was currently on the ballot for the Presidency, “Are you all citizens of the United States?”.

Nixon and company drove to the Mission of San Juan Capistrano, which Nixon called “one of my favorite Catholic places” on the day he faced the only successful Catholic candidate for the Presidency in American History.  Nixon took his three companions on a quick, informal tour of the Mission.  “For a few minutes, we sat in the empty pews for an interlude of complete escape,” Nixon later recalled.

The missing candidate and his three road trip buddies arrived back in Los Angeles before the election results started rolling in.  Nixon had to explain his trip to reporters who had been searching for him all day.  “It wasn’t planned.  We just started driving and that’s where we wound up.”

In his Memoirs, Nixon didn’t go too far into explaining why he escaped on Election Day, but a paragraph about that day is pretty illuminating:

After one last frenetic week, it was over.  Since the convention in August I had traveled over 65,000 miles and visited all fifty states.  I had made 180 scheduled speeches and delivered scores of impromptu talks and informal press conferences.  There was nothing more I could have done.

Except escape to Mexico while JFK slept.

I disagree.  First of all, even if that were the case, I think the fact that it requires 60 votes to get ANYTHING done in the Senate has been disastrous, no matter which party is in control.  If the Republicans are in control, I still want a government that works.  It doesn’t work in a legislative chamber where 60 votes are required just to bring something to an actual vote.  Plus, it strengthens the Presidency, and I’m for that.  With everything going on in the world, the President shouldn’t be sending months and months on simply getting his judicial nominees confirmed.  It’s ridiculous.

As for the redistricting and population shifts, I think the Senate is a different animal when it comes to elections.  Incumbents hold a significant advantage over challengers because of the six-year-long terms, unlike the House where members are up for reelection every two years, meaning they are basically fundraising and campaigning for half of their term, and they don’t even have high name-recognition in their own districts.  It’s easier to challenge a member of the House.  Plus, the Republican Party is facing a civil war — I would not be surprised to see the GOP split into two parties within the next four or five years.  I doubt it would happen before 2016, but if a Democrat is elected President in 2016 (and I don’t think a Republican can win an Electoral College victory in 2016), that party could dynamite itself.  If it does — it’s a 1912 situation with the Republicans splintering into two parties and drawing votes away from each other.  That’s trouble when it comes to Presidential and Senate elections.

Asker Anonymous Asks:
Might have been asked before: If the electoral college ties, the Presidential election goes to the House. What if the House has an even number of Republicans and Democrats and goes down the partisan middle?
deadpresidents deadpresidents Said:

If no candidate receives the required majority in the Electoral College to become President and the election is sent to the House of Representatives, the first thing to understand is that the votes are not cast individually.  Instead, the vote is decided by state delegations (whose individual members of Congress vote as a block), and resolving the undecided election would require an absolute majority of states (at least 26) in order for a candidate to be elected.

So, to break it down more:  there are 435 individual members of the House of Representatives, but in the case of an undecided election of the President that is thrown into the House for a resolution, the members don’t cast individual votes.  Instead, they gather in their respective state delegations and cast their votes within their state’s caucus — the candidate who wins the majority of votes within the state delegation, “wins” that state.  Once a candidate wins an absolute majority of state delegations that candidate is elected President.

Now, there are, of course, 50 states, so what happens if the votes of the state delegations are split 25-25 and we still have no winner?  We simply take another ballot.  And, if necessary, another and another and another…  The voting in the House of Representatives continues on-and-on until a candidate finally wins a majority of state delegations.  It’s like a Papal Conclave — we must have a winner! —  without the world’s most low-tech method of excitement: the fumata bianca.

A few more important particulars to note if a Presidential election is thrown into the House of Representatives because nobody won a majority of Electoral votes:

•The House must choose between the leading Presidential candidates who received Electoral votes, they can’t just plug anyone that they want in there.  Of course, this is usually just two candidates.  However, the last time the election was decided by the House (1824), there were four candidates who split the Electoral vote: Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay.  In such a case, the House is limited to deciding between the top three vote-getters in the original Electoral College tally.
•Advances in technology and transportation has all but eliminated the possibility of state delegations being absent from the proceedings, but it is mandatory for at least 2/3 of the state delegations to be present in order for the House to decide the election.
•All other Congressional business takes a backseat to an undecided Presidential election thrown into the House.  The House begins voting as quickly as possible and continues until there is a winner who qualifies.
•If we reach Inauguration Day and still don’t have a President-elect, the person who won an Electoral College majority as Vice President becomes President.  If there is also no Vice President-elect, the House how and who to choose the person who will become Acting President until somebody qualifies as President.  (An undecided Vice Presidential election is resolved by the U.S. Senate.)

The House of Representatives has decided two Presidential election — most famously the aforementioned 1824 election in which Andrew Jackson won a plurality of Electoral votes against John Quincy Adams, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay, but lacked the required majority necessary to clinch the Presidency.  The House ended up electing John Quincy Adams, a result that Jackson and his supporters chalked up to a “Corrupt Bargain” between JQA and Henry Clay, who became Secretary of State under President Adams.  

The first election decided by the House was the 1800 campaign.  At the time, the top vote-getter in the Electoral College was elected President and the person who finished second was elected Vice President.  While there was no official designation between the Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates, going into the 1800 campaign, Democratic-Republicans unofficially saw Thomas Jefferson as the Presidential candidate and Aaron Burr as the Vice Presidential candidate.  When Jefferson and Burr ended up tied in the Electoral College, Burr saw an opportunity to snatch the Presidency up for himself, decided not to step aside for Jefferson, and the election was thrown into the House.  Alexander Hamilton, a Federalist leader, had issues with both Jefferson and Burr, but he hated Jefferson just a little bit less than Burr.  Hamilton influenced the Federalist support in Congress that Jefferson needed to clinch the Presidency and Burr ended up as Vice President.  As we all know, Burr never forgot Hamilton’s role in costing him the Presidency and he ended up killing Hamilton in a duel while still Vice President of the United States.

Incidentally, just in case anybody was wondering, a Vice Presidential election has only been thrown into the Senate for a decision on one occasion — 1836.  Richard Mentor Johnson had been a staunch supporter of Andrew Jackson and the outgoing President Jackson wanted to reward him.  While Jackson had almost seemingly handpicked Martin Van Buren as his chosen successor in 1836, Old Hickory definitely chose Johnson as the Democratic Vice Presidential candidate that year, insisting that the Democratic National Convention nominate Johnson as VP.  The Democrats nominated Johnson as Van Buren’s running mate, but Johnson was extremely unpopular in the South.  Despite being from Kentucky, Johnson openly kept a former slave as his common-law wife and raised their mixed-race children as white, free, and legitimate.  Many Southerners of his own party steadfastly refused to support Johnson’s candidacy for Vice President even as they supported Van Buren for President.  This led to four candidates splitting the vote for Vice President in the Electoral College — Richard M. Johnson, John Tyler, Francis Granger, and William Smith.  While Johnson had a solid plurality of Electoral votes for VP, he lacked the majority required for election that Van Buren had won as President.

In the case of a Presidential election deadlocked in the Electoral College, the House settles the dispute by a vote between the top three vote-getters, at most.  When a deadlocked Vice Presidential election is decided by the U.S. Senate, only the top two contenders in the Electoral College are considered.  So, the undecided election for Vice President in 1836 came down to Johnson and Granger, and Andrew Jackson was happy to see the Senate elect his choice for VP, Richard Mentor Johnson, to join his chosen successor as President, Martin Van Buren.

(Four years later, neither President Van Buren or Vice President Johnson were as lucky.  The Democrats renominated Van Buren, but Southerners were no longer the only opposition to the scandalous Richard Mentor Johnson.  At the Democratic Convention in 1840, Democrats refused to renominate Johnson, Van Buren refused to nominate another VP, and Van Buren headed into the general election season without a running mate.  Still hoping to continue in the job, Johnson simply campaigned for VP on his own and ended up as President Van Buren’s de facto running mate.  Johnson’s presence or absence had no discernible impact on the campaign — no matter who his running mate was, the incumbent President Van Buren was trounced on Election Day by Whig candidate William Henry Harrison.) 

Asker Anonymous Asks:
so you voted no to recall gray davis but who did you vote for as a possible sucessor?
deadpresidents deadpresidents Said:

Okay, well first, let me note that I am not usually a proponent of throwing your vote away.  I think it’s a silly form of protest.  However, I was very frustrated and angry about the 2003 recall campaign against Governor Gray Davis because I really liked Governor Davis.  His 1998 campaign was the first campaign I ever worked on and he had been reelected less than a year earlier.  He wasn’t corrupt and nobody ever accused him of corruption.  It was a partisan hijacking of the political process, financed by the man who is now chairman of the House Oversight Committee, Darrell Issa (who was hoping to become Governor himself but stepped away when Arnold Schwarzengger jumped in).

I used to take my daughter with me when I would vote so that she could see the process and hopefully it would resonate with her and encourage her to vote when she got older.  So, she went with me on the day of the recall election.  I voted “no” because I was against recalling Governor Davis, but it was very obvious that the recall was going to succeed, Governor Davis was going to be recalled, and Arnold Schwarzenegger was going to win.  So, I explained everything to Sabrina as best as I could, and let her vote because she wanted to fill in the bubble.

If it were up to me, I would have voted for Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante, the top Democrat in the election.  (Bustamante had to run a weird, confusing campaign that said, “No on the Recall, Yes to Cruz!”)  Sabrina had other ideas.  She voted for Arnold Schwarzenegger — and here’s the great thing — because she’s been a smart-ass since she was five years old she didn’t vote for Arnold because she liked him; she voted for him because she thought it would be funny to have him as Governor and because she knew it wasn’t who I would vote for.  What a sweet little child — not her, everybody else’s kid.

Asker Anonymous Asks:
Canadian here. Why is it that that when an election is held in the US, every jurisdiction seems to have theirs at the same time? Does everything show up on one ballot paper?
deadpresidents deadpresidents Said:

Wait a second…where’s the bouncer?  There’s no Canadians allowed here.  (Before a bunch of people from Saskatchewan announce that they are unfollowing me, I’m kidding.)

Honestly, Election Day is the first Tuesday in November for most positions because it makes sense financially.  I believe that Presidential and Congressional elections are the only ones actually mandated by law to take place on the first Tuesday in November, but for state-level positions and local-level positions it just makes sense to hold elections on the same day because elections are expensive events to have.  Plus, ideally, it would be awesome to have as many voters get out to the polls as possible, so it’s less confusing to have all elections take place on the same day every year.

Now, that’s not to say that there aren’t elections that take place on other dates.  Even if you take away primary elections, which normally take place early in the year of the general election (and those primary election dates differ from state-to-state), state and local elections can also be held at different times of year.  It’s up to the state or local municipality that has jurisdiction over the election.  (And that’s not even taken into consideration early voting or absentee balloting, which also differs throughout the country depending on your location.)  

As for the ballots, well, that can be confusing, too.  There is no uniform ballot for federal, state, or local elections.  That’s usually different from county-to-county, depending on the state.  Not only that, but the means for registering differs from state-to-state.  And the actual WAY that you vote is different from one locality to another.  In California, where I voted for 12 years, there are counties that have computer stations to fill out ballots, punch cards, manual ballots where you fill in a bubble like you’re taking a test, and other types of voting equipment.  It all depends where you live.

You want to know what a crazy Election Day was?  In 2003, when I lived in California, there was an election to decide whether to recall Governor Gray Davis — the election that resulted in Arnold Schwarzenegger becoming Governor.  So, the first decision on the ballot was to vote “Yes” or “No” on recalling Governor Davis (I voted “No”).  The second decision was to vote for a candidate for Governor to replace Governor Davis if the recall succeeded.  Now, even if you voted “No” to recall Davis, you could still choose a potential successor.  Because the recall was a goddamn circus there were 135 candidates for Governor to choose from — all on one ballot.  That’s right…ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-FIVE candidates.  Take that, Canada.

Asker Anonymous Asks:
Stupid question: why are they called the mid terms if its elections for congress?
deadpresidents deadpresidents Said:

That’s not a stupid question.  There are often phrases or words relating to government, or certain mechanisms of the government that we hear frequently, but that are never clearly defined.  It’s important to share that information.  Neil deGrasse Tyson frequently talks about the importance of expanding “science literacy”, and I think “history literacy” or “civic literacy” is something that also needs to be improved upon.

The Congressional elections are called midterms when they happen in the middle of a Presidential term — Obama was elected in 2008, so the 2010 Congressional elections were midterms.  His 2012 reelection makes the 2014 Congressional elections midterms.  Biennially (every two years), all 435 members of the House of Representatives and 1/3rd of the Senate is up for reelection, but midterms only take place every four years.

"Midterms" is a good word for those elections, too.  Midterm elections are really the first chance — a test, of sorts — for Presidents to get a clear understanding of national acceptance for their policies and an opportunity for their performance to be graded by the American people.  A President whose political party loses a significant amount of seats in a midterm election can be in serious trouble.  If it’s their first midterm election, it could warn of a major challenge in their bid for reelection.  If it’s their second midterm election, failure can accelerate their status as lame ducks going into their final months in office.

I’m not one of those people who say that there are no stupid questions.  There are A LOT of stupid questions.  I see them everybody in my inbox.  But this wasn’t one of them!

I’m pretty sure that I don’t remember what it’s like to not live in the midst of an all-encompassing political campaign.  Then again, considering how campaigns seem to begin earlier and earlier in 21st Century American politics, I wouldn’t be surprised if the midterm cycle kicks off this afternoon.

(P.S.: I better not see stories about potential 2016 Presidential candidates until AT LEAST Inauguration Day.  In a perfect world, we’d be safe from starting that discussion until late-2014.)

Listed under each state is the party and candidate who carried the state in the election year shown.

Michigan
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Progressive/Bull Moose [Theodore Roosevelt]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Minnesota
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Progressive/Bull Moose [Theodore Roosevelt]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1984    Democratic [Walter Mondale]
1988    Democratic [Michael Dukakis]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Mississippi
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davis]
1928    Democratic [Al Smith]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    States’ Rights/Dixiecrat [Strom Thurmond]
1952    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1956    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1960****    Democratic [Harry F. Byrd]
1964    Republican [Barry Goldwater]
1968    American Independent [George C. Wallace]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
****In 1960, unpledged electors awarded a majority of Electoral votes from Alabama and Mississippi to Harry F. Byrd.  Although he was not an official candidate, Byrd was awarded those two states in the Electoral College.

Missouri
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Henry Clay]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [Stephen A. Douglas]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872***    Democratic/Liberal Republican [B. Gratz Brown]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lynon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
***1872 Liberal Republican/Democratic nominee Horace Greeley died between Election Day and the meeting of the Electoral College, so his Electoral votes were divided amongst various candidates.

Montana
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Nebraska
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Nevada
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    People’s/Populist [James B. Weaver]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

New Hampshire
1789    Federalist [George Washington]
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Federalist [John Adams]
1800*    Federalist [John Adams]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Federalist [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney]
1812    Federalist [DeWitt Clinton]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1828    National Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

New Jersey
1789    Federalist [George Washington]
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Federalist [John Adams]
1800*    Federalist [John Adams]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1812    Federalist [DeWitt Clinton]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    National Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Democratic [George B. McClellan]
1868    Democratic [Horatio Seymour]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

New Mexico
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

New York
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Federalist [John Adams]
1800*    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1812    Federalist [DeWitt Clinton]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Democratic [Horatio Seymour]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Democratic [Michael Dukakis]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

North Carolina
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Democratic-Republican [John Adams]
1800*    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1812    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davis]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1956    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

North Dakota
1892    Electoral votes divided equally between all three candidates [Grover Cleveland (Democrat); Benjamin Harrison (Republican); James B. Weaver (People’s/Populist)
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Ohio
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1812    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Henry Clay]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

Oklahoma
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davis]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Listed under each state is the party and candidate who carried the state in the election year shown.

Idaho
1892    People’s/Populist [James B. Weaver]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Illinois
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

Indiana
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

Iowa
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Democratic [Michael Dukakis]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Kansas
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    People’s/Populist [James B. Weaver]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Kentucky
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1800*    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1812    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Henry Clay]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    National Republican [Henry Clay]
1836    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Whig [Winfield Scott]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Constitutional Union [John Bell]
1864    Democratic [George B. McClellan]
1868    Democratic [Horatio Seymour]
1872***    Democratic/Liberal Republican [Thomas A. Hendricks]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
***1872 Liberal Republican/Democratic nominee Horace Greeley died between Election Day and the meeting of the Electoral College, so his Electoral votes were divided amongst various candidates.

Louisiana
1812    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1868    Democratic [Horatio Seymour]
1872    Results disputed and not counted
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davis]
1928    Democratic [Al Smith]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    States’ Rights/Dixiecrat [Strom Thurmond]
1952    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Republican [Barry Goldwater]
1968    American Independent [George C. Wallace]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

Maine
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1828    National Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1936    Republican [Alf Landon]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

Maryland
1789    Federalist [George Washington]
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Federalist [John Adams]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1812    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    National Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1832    National Republican [Henry Clay]
1836    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    American/Know-Nothing [Millard Fillmore]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Democratic [Horatio Seymour]
1872***    Democratic/Liberal Republican [Thomas A. Hendricks]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
***1872 Liberal Republican/Democratic nominee Horace Greeley died between Election Day and the meeting of the Electoral College, so his Electoral votes were divided amongst various candidates.

Massachusetts
1789    Federalist [George Washington]
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Federalist [John Adams]
1800*    Federalist [John Adams]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Federalist [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney]
1812    Federalist [DeWitt Clinton]
1816    Federalist [Rufus King]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1828    National Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1832    National Republican [Henry Clay]
1836    Whig [Daniel Webster]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Whig [Winfield Scott]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Democratic [Al Smith]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Democratic [George McGovern]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Democratic [Michael Dukakis]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

Listed under each state is the party and candidate who carried the state in the election year shown.

California
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Progressive/Bull Moose [Theodore Roosevelt]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Colorado
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Republican [James G. Blaine]
1888    Republican [Benjamin Harrison]
1892    People’s/Populist [James B. Weaver]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Republican [Wendell Willkie]
1944    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Connecticut
1789    Federalist [George Washington]
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Federalist [John Adams]
1800*    Federalist [John Adams]
1804    Federalist [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney]
1808    Federalist [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney]
1812    Federalist [DeWitt Clinton]
1816    Federalist [Rufus King]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1828    National Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1832    National Republican [Henry Clay]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Republican [John C. Frémont]
1860    Republican [Abraham Lincoln]
1864    Republican/National Union [Abraham Lincoln]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Republican [James Garfield]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

Delaware
1789    Federalist [George Washington]
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Federalist [John Adams]
1800*    Federalist [John Adams]
1804    Federalist [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney]
1808    Federalist [Charles Cotesworth Pinckney]
1812    Federalist [DeWitt Clinton]
1816    Federalist [Rufus King]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [William H. Crawford]
1828    National Republican [John Quincy Adams]
1832    National Republican [Henry Clay]
1836    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Whig [Henry Clay]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1864    Democratic [George B. McClellan]
1868    Democratic [Horatio Seymour]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Republican [William McKinley]
1900    Republican [William McKinley]
1904    Republican [Theodore Roosevelt]
1908    Republican [William Howard Taft]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Republican [Charles Evans Hughes]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Republican [Thomas E. Dewey]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.

District of Columbia
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Democratic [George McGovern]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1984    Democratic [Walter Mondale]
1988    Democratic [Michael Dukakis]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Florida
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Republican [Rutherford B. Hayes]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davis]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Georgia
1789    Federalist [George Washington]
1792    Federalist [George Washington]
1796    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1800*    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1804    Democratic-Republican [Thomas Jefferson]
1808    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1812    Democratic-Republican [James Madison]
1816    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [William H. Crawford]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Whig [Hugh Lawson White]
1840    Whig [William Henry Harrison]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Whig [Zachary Taylor]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1868    Democratic [Horatio Seymour]
1872***    Democratic/Liberal Republican [B. Gratz Brown]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davs]
1928    Democratic [Al Smith]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1956    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Republican [Barry Goldwater]
1968    American Independent [George C. Wallace]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]
*The 1800 election was decided in the House of Representatives because no candidate won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
***1872 Liberal Republican/Democratic nominee Horace Greeley died between Election Day and the meeting of the Electoral College, so his Electoral votes were divided amongst various candidates.

Hawaii
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Democratic [Hubert H. Humphrey]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Democratic [Michael Dukakis]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Democratic [Al Gore]
2004    Democratic [John Kerry]
2008    Democratic [Barack Obama]

Election Day is getting closer-and-closer and the race between Barack Obama and Mitt Romney is still too close to call.  Over the next few days, the two candidates will spend as much time and money as possible in the handful of swing states that will be the deciding point on Tuesday.

But there’s no reason those battleground states should get all of the attention here on Dead Presidents, right?.  So, let’s take a look at each state in the union — from the time that it joined — to see who won your state and when.  Has your state been carried by more Republicans or Democrats?  Did your state vote for Lincoln?  FDR?  Buchanan?  I’ll break it down and I’ll also break the post up in several parts so that we don’t have to hear whining from people who see a bunch of scary words on their dashboard. 

Listed under each state is the party and candidate who carried the state in the election year shown.

Alabama
1820    Democratic-Republican [James Monroe]
1824**    Democratic-Republican [Andrew Jackson]
1828    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1832    Democratic [Andrew Jackson]
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davis]
1928    Democratic [Al Smith]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    States’ Rights/Dixiecrat [Strom Thurmond]
1952    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1956    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1960****    Democratic [Harry F. Byrd]
1964    Republican [Barry Goldwater]
1968    American Independent [George C. Wallace]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]
**The 1824 election was decided in the House of Representatives because none of the four candidates won a majority of votes in the Electoral College.
****In 1960, unpledged electors awarded a majority of Electoral votes from Alabama and Mississippi to Harry F. Byrd.  Although he was not an official candidate, Byrd was awarded those two states in the Electoral College.

Alaska
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Republican [Bob Dole]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Arizona
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Republican [Warren G. Harding]
1924    Republican [Calvin Coolidge]
1928    Republican [Herbert Hoover]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1956    Republican [Dwight D. Eisenhower]
1960    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1964    Republican [Barry Goldwater]
1968    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Republican [Gerald Ford]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

Arkansas
1836    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1840    Democratic [Martin Van Buren]
1844    Democratic [James K. Polk]
1848    Democratic [Lewis Cass]
1852    Democratic [Franklin Pierce]
1856    Democratic [James Buchanan]
1860    Democratic [John C. Breckinridge]
1868    Republican [Ulysses S. Grant]
1872    Results disputed and not counted
1876    Democratic [Samuel J. Tilden]
1880    Democratic [Winfield Scott Hancock]
1884    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1888    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1892    Democratic [Grover Cleveland]
1896    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1900    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1904    Democratic [Alton B. Parker]
1908    Democratic [William Jennings Bryan]
1912    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1916    Democratic [Woodrow Wilson]
1920    Democratic [James M. Cox]
1924    Democratic [John W. Davis]
1928    Democratic [Al Smith]
1932    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1936    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1940    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1944    Democratic [Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1948    Democratic [Harry S. Truman]
1952    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1956    Democratic [Adlai E. Stevenson]
1960    Democratic [John F. Kennedy]
1964    Democratic [Lyndon B. Johnson]
1968    American Independent [George C. Wallace]
1972    Republican [Richard Nixon]
1976    Democratic [Jimmy Carter]
1980    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1984    Republican [Ronald Reagan]
1988    Republican [George H.W. Bush]
1992    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
1996    Democratic [Bill Clinton]
2000    Republican [George W. Bush]
2004    Republican [George W. Bush]
2008    Republican [John McCain]

I’m a sucker for cool features like this one from the New York Times on the Presidential candidates that the newspaper has given its endorsement to dating back to 1860 (Abraham Lincoln), including their 2012 endorsement (Barack Obama).

On a related note, if you really want to wander through history for hours (and hours and hours), you should do what I did, and order The New York Times: The Complete Front Pages, 1851-2009.  It is a very large book (weighs about 10 pounds) that has facsimiles of about 300 famous, infamous, and impactful front pages from nearly 160 years of The New York Times.  If that’s not enough for you, you will be pleased (as I was) to find that the book comes with 3 DVD-ROMs to help you dig even deeper.  Those 3 DVDs contain EVERY single New York Times front page from every day between 1851 and 2009 — a total of 54,693 front pages.  It’s a ridiculous amount of information, and that’s why it’s awesome.

Or…you can choose to pursue a social life and interact with other human beings, but fuck that noise, son.  Get the book.